“The wilderness and the wasteland will rejoice over them; the desert will be glad and blossom like a rose.” Isaiah 35:1
How many have looked at a garden of roses and were amazed not just by the colors but also the fragrances that come from them? I am an avid gardener and one of my favorite plants to grow are roses simply because they are very hardy, easy to grow and when grown together produce a lot of color in an environment devoid of color.
Why am I citing roses in this Op? Because once again, HaShem is using His creation to teach us something important which we can experience via our eyes, our noses and our senses which He has blessed us with. Consider what HaShem says about roses in Shir HaShirim (Song of Songs) chapter 2:1-2: “I am but a rose of Sharon, even an ever fresh rose of the valleys. Like a rose maintaining its beauty among the thorns, so is My faithful beloved among the nations.” The point I am attempting to make is that HaShem is likening His people Israel to a rose! This is will be very important as we delve into part two of this study concerning Jeremiah chapter 31!
What I find to be very interesting is how Jeremiah chapter 31 connects to Rosh HaShanah! We will explore more deeply into Rosh HaShanah to help us better understand Jeremiah 31! Keep this in mind as we progress. But as always, remember the following eternal characteristics of HaShem as they are vital to this study:
- HaShem never changes per Num 23:19/Mal 3:6/Hebrews 13:8/James 1:17
- His Word is firmly established per Psalm 119:89
- He reveals the end out of the beginning per Is 46:10
- He does nothing without first revealing it to His prophets per Amos 3:7
- He says there is nothing new under the sun per Ecclesiastes 1:9
- He says His Torah is a tree of life and eternal per Proverbs 3:18-19 and Psalm 119:160
- He says His Torah is perfect and restores the soul per Psalm 19:7
- He says His Torah makes the simple one wise per Psalm 19:7
- He says His Torah Is freedom and liberty per Psalm 119:45 and James 1:25
- He says His Torah is the only good doctrine there is Proverbs 4:2
- He says His Torah will add length of days and years of life and peace per Proverbs 3:2
- He says all of the ways of His Torah are ways of pleasantness and peace per Proverbs 3:17
- He says His Torah is for our good and well-being per Deuteronomy 6:24
- He says His Torah is health for our lives per Proverbs 3:8
- He says His Torah is life to our soul and a graceful ornament for our neck per Prov 3:22
- He says His Torah is better than pearls and all desires cannot compare to it per Prov 8:11
- He says those who walk with His Torah are praiseworthy per Psalms 119:1
- He says observing His Torah is how we purify our path per Psalms 119:9
- He says His Torah is better than thousands in gold and silver per Psalms 119:72
- He says His Torah brings abundant peace to those who love Him and His Torah per Psalms 119:165
- He says there is one Torah for all per Exodus 12:49/Leviticus 24:22
- He says those who hate His Torah love death per Proverbs 8:36
- He says His Torah is the way of faith per Psalms 119:29-30
- He says His Torah makes us wiser than our enemies per Psalms 119:98
- He says His Torah is a lamp for my feet and a light for my path per Psalms 119:105
- He says one who finds His Torah has found life per Proverbs 8:35
- He says one who finds His Torah has found favor from HaShem per Proverbs 8:35
The introduction to Jeremiah 31 is very interesting! It says “This moving prophecy, which includes a dialogue between HaShem and Israel, continues with visions of the ultimate redemption and, among other things, expresses the depth of Israel’s relationship with HaShem. HaShem speaks of His everlasting love for Israel and they express their anguish at the long and bitter exile, and their hope that He will speedily redeem them. HaShem responds that although the exile is long, He has NOT forgotten us and WILL redeem us when the time comes. The prophecy depicts the joy of the Messianic era, the chain of events which it will commence, and the reasons Israel will FINALLY be redeemed.”
“We read the first nineteen verses of this chapter as the Haftarah (Selected readings from the Prophets on Shabbat, the Feasts and Fasting days) on the second day of Rosh HaShanah.” It is very significant the first nineteen verses of Jeremiah 31 are connected with Rosh HaShanah and we will find out why here shortly, but before we can explore this, we need to quickly cover what is the significance of Rosh HaShanah and what is happening on this Moedim (Feast) of HaShem!
Further, verses 1-21 refers to the ultimate redemption of the Ten Tribes i.e. The Kingdom of Israel; verses 22-24 refer to the ultimate redemption of the Kingdom of Judah; verses 26-30 refer to the reunification of the two kingdoms under the Messiah! Baruch HaShem! May it be VERY soon in our days!!
On the Civil Calendar, Rosh HaShanah is on Tishrei 1, the first day of the first month of HaShem which we read from Genesis 1 through Exodus 11. It begins the Yamim Nora’im or the Ten Days of Awe (Judgment), which are the ten days in between Rosh HaShanah and Tishrei 10 which is Yom Kippur, the most solemn day of the year! This is followed up by Tishrei 15 which is the most joyous Moedim (Feast) of HaShem i.e. Sukkot!
Rosh HaShanah is when “The books are opened!”
The following excerpt is from the book ‘Rosh HaShanah – Its Significance, Laws, and Prayers’ by Artscroll, which says “G-d’s sovereignty is the PRIMARY theme of Rosh HaShanah and the Ten Days of Judgment in inaugurates. The service of the day is filled with references to G-d as King and with prayers that His mastery be acknowledged by all human beings. The shofar service of the Mussaf Amidah begins with ten Scriptural verses speaking of G-d’s Kingship and as the Talmud teaches, we recite these verses so that we should proclaim Him as our King. It would seem that the title ‘King’ carries with it a dimension beyond that expressed even by the Name ‘HaShem’, with all the infinite power and perfection that it implies.” It is very interesting that this Moedim is about declaring HaShem King over His Creation i.e. He is crowned King! Hint…hint…hint! Keep this in mind!
“With trumpets and the sound of a shofar make joyous acclamation before the King, the Master!” Psalms 98:6. Per Tractate Rosh HaShanah 3.3 from the Mishnah it states “The shofar of Rosh HaShanah is of a wild goat, straight, and its mouthpiece is coated with gold…”
On Rosh HaShanah three books are opened before HaShem: The Book of the Wholly Righteous, the Book of the Wholly Wicked and the Book of the Intermediate. Tractate Rosh HaShanah 16b from the Talmud Bavli explains it: “Three books are opened on Rosh HaShana before the Holy One, Blessed be He – One of wholly wicked people, and one of wholly righteous people, and one of middling people whose good and bad deeds are equally balanced (Bulk of humanity is here). Wholly righteous people are immediately written and sealed for life; wholly wicked people are immediately written and sealed for death; and the middling people are left with their judgment suspended from RoShanah until Yom Kippur, their fate remaining undecided.” The bulk of humanity is in the intermediate, meaning they haven’t fully decided if they will respond to the call of HaShem to repent and enter into His covenant. Those who have chosen to serve HaShem and acknowledge Yeshua as Messiah are written in the Book of Life, forever sealed. Those who have knowingly and willfully rejected HaShem and embrace a life of wickedness are written in the Book of the Wicked and are forever sealed to the Second Death.
I know there are many out there who would claim this has all been added by the Rabbis and is complete nonsense. Consider that this concept of these three books is derived from Scriptures i.e. Shemot (Exodus) 32:32 which says “And if not, blot me, I pray You, out of Your book, which You have written.” The commentary on this verse says “‘Blot me, I pray You’ is the Book of the wholly wicked people, who are blotted out from the world. ‘Out of Your book’, this is the book of wholly righteous people, which are special and attributed to HaShem Himself. ‘Which You have written’, this is the book of the middling people.” Psalms 69:29 says “May they (The wicked) be erased from the Book of Life, and let them not be inscribed with the righteous.” The point is, these two among many Scriptures makes reference to these books, so no the Rabbis did NOT add this!
The following excerpt from the book “Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come” by Joseph Good of HaTikvah Ministries says “The Gesenius Hebrew Lexicon states that the Hebrew word ‘Teruah’ is an ‘Awakening Blast’. The theme of awakening is often associated with Rosh HaShanah. Many times this refers to mankind’s hearing the blast of the shofar and repenting of their sins before Rosh HaShanah, the Day of Judgment, arrives.” The awakening blast is much more than just a call to repentance, as we will see shortly!
From Hilchot Teshuvah by Rambam and the Mishneh Torah says “Awaken you sleepers from your sleep, and you slumberers, arise from your slumber, examine your deeds, repent and remember your Creator. Those of you who forget the truth in the vanities of the times and dwell all year in vanity and emptiness, look into your souls, improve your ways and actions, let each of you forsake his evil path and his thoughts which are not good.”
Joseph Good goes on from his book and says “Rav (Rabbi) Shaul in his letter to the Ephesians expressed this same message. More than likely, this and the following quote were drawn from an ancient Temple prayer for Rosh HaShanah: ‘Wherefore he saith, awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Messiah shall give thee light. See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise, redeeming the time, because the days are evil. Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the L-rd is.’ Ephesians 5:14-17.”
“In addition to calling to repent with the blast of the shofar, the awakening was also associated with the coming of The Messiah: ‘Awake, awake, put on strength, O Arm of the L-rd; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. Art thou not it that hath cut Rahab, and wounded the dragon?”
“According to Rav Se’adiah Gaon, there are ten symbolic meanings for the sounding of the shofar:
- The day marks Creation’s beginning; thereon G-d created the world and became its Sovereign. And at the beginning of a reign, it is customary to sound the trumpets before the newly crowned king, and to proclaim his ascent to sovereignty throughout the realm. Similarly do we accept the Creator’s sovereignty upon ourselves.
- Rosh HaShanah is the first of the Ten Days of Repentance, ‘asseret yemei teshuvah’ and shofar is sounded thereon to proclaim and to warn: Whoever wishes to repent, let him repent; if not, let him have remorse later. And this is the way of kings; first they forewarn the people through decrees, and whoever transgresses has no complaint.
- To remind us of the stand at Mt. Sinai, of which it was said, ‘And the sound of the shofar was exceedingly strong’. So that we might accept upon ourselves what our fathers accepted when they said, ‘We will do and we will hear (Understand and accept).’ Shemot (Exodus) 19:8, 16-25.
- To remind us of the words of the Nevi’im (Prophets such as Isaiah, Jeremiah, etc) which were compared to the sounding of a shofar: ‘And whoever hears the sound of the shofar i.e. the call of the Prophets, and takes no warning, if the sword comes and takes him away, his blood shall be upon his own head; whereas, if he had taken warning he would have saved his soul.’ Ezekiel 33:1-7.
- To remind us of the destruction of Beit HaMikdash (The Temple in Jerusalem) and the trumpet blasting of the enemy attack. When we hear the shofar’s sound, we are to pray to G-d for the rebuilding of the Sanctuary.
- To remind us, through the sounding of a ram’s horn of the binding of Itzchak (Isaac), who offered his life to G-d, and of the ram slaughtered in his place. Likewise, we are to offer our lives for the sanctification of His Name, so that our remembrance may ascend before Him for the good.
- When we hear the sound of the shofar, we are to feel fear and trembling, and are to humble ourselves before the Creator. For this is the effect of the shofar, that it arouses fright and trembling, as it is written: ‘If a shofar is sounded in the city, shall the people not tremble?’ Amos 3.
- To recall in fear the forthcoming great Day of Judgment, as it is said: ‘Near is the great day of the L-rd, near and exceedingly soon is the day of shofar and shouting.’ Zephaniah 1.
- To recall our faith in the future INGATHERING of Israel’s dispersed, and to awaken our yearning for it. As it is said: ‘And it shall be on that day a great shofar, Shofar HaGadol, will be sounded, and those who have perished in the land of Assyria and those who were dispersed in the land of Egypt will come…’ Isaiah 27.
- To recall our faith in the FUTURE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. As it is said, ‘All you inhabitants of the world, and you who dwell in the earth; when an ensign is lifted on the mountains you shall see, and when the shofar is sounded you shall hear.’ Isaiah 18.
Very interesting! Rosh HaShanah is the Day of Judgment, but also the day of the resurrection of the dead!
Joe goes on “Another name for the Festival (Rosh HaShanah) is Yom HaZikkaron, the Day of Remembrance. Yom HaZikkron is both a Biblical and Talmudic term for Rosh HaShanah. In the Bible it is found in Vayikra (Leviticus) 23: ‘Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, ‘In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial (zikkaron) of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.”
“In the Talmud, as well as the liturgy for Rosh HaShanah, the term of remembrance plays a prominent part. The Creation created by G-d, as well as His relationship with His people is brought into focus. During the Rosh HaShanah service, a portion is known as ‘Zikhronot’ (Remembrances) – it is a portion of the Mussaf (Additional) afternoon service held on Sabbath and Holy Days of the New Year’s Day which deals with Divine Remembrance. Several books are opened by G-d on Rosh HaShanah. One of these is known as the Book of Remembrance. ‘Then they that feared the L-rd spake often one to another; and the L-rd hearkened, and heard it, and a Book of Remembrance was written before Him for them that feared the L-rd, and that thought upon His Name.’ Malachi 3:16”
“This Book of Remembrance, Sefer HaZikkaron, certainly ties in with an event that follows the Natzal (Catching away of the believers). Along with the coronation (Of Yeshua as King) and the marriage there is also a rewarding of the believers. Rav Shaul (Paul) referred to this in the following passages:
‘But why dost thou judge thy brother? Or why dost thou set naught thy brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Messiah. Romans 14:10.
‘For we are laborers together with G-d: ye are G-d’s husbandry, ye are G-d’s building. According to the grace of G-d which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Yeshua HaMashiach. Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; every man’s work shall be made manifest; for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is. If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.’ 1 Corinthians 3:9-15.”
Can you see, Rosh HaShanah is a VERY significant day, a day of Judgment followed by these Ten Days of Repentance and then on Yom Kippur, everyone’s fates are sealed by their names being inscribed in one of these three books! It is also the Feast in which the Gathering will occur, the resurrection of the righteous dead will occur and the destruction of Babylon (America), but that is for another Op.
Now it makes much more sense when we read in Revelation 19:11-12 which says “And I saw the heaven opened (Rosh HaShanah), and there was a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Trustworthy and True, and in righteousness He judges and fights. And His eyes were as a flame of fire and on His head were many crowns, having a Name that has been written, which no one had perceived except Himself, and having been dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and His Name is called: The Word of HaShem.”
How do we rectify the concept that since Yeshua is NOT HaShem, then how can He be likened to HaShem? Remember, the concept of Agency? I would recommend you reading this article from the Jewish Encyclopedia discussing ‘The Law of Agency’ as it will help explain my position: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/894-agency-law-of
Now with all this said, we can now delve into Jeremiah 31!
Jeremiah 31, this is also the chapter which discusses and explains the ‘Renewed/New Covenant!’ We will see just exactly when, how and to whom this applies too! Stand by!
Jeremiah 31:1 says “Thus said HaShem: ‘You (Israel) found favor in My eyes in the Wilderness, the nation that survived the sword, as I led Israel to its place of tranquility.'” Not only does this verse reference the 40 years in the Wilderness after the Exodus from Egypt, but also alludes to the long and painful ordeal of the exile we are currently in. The place of our tranquility is the Land of Israel, with a fully functioning Temple with the Divine Presence of HaShem inhabiting it and all of our enemies have been defeated once and for all!
For those who claim that grace/favor never existed in the time of the Tanakh (Erroneously called the Old Testament) period and only arrived after Messiah died then they would have to explain why then HaShem showed Israel grace/favor while in the Wilderness after the Exodus? I digress.
Jeremiah 31:2 says (Israel interjects) “From the distant past HaShem appeared to me.’ (HaShem continues) “And I have loved you with an eternal love, therefore I have extended kindness to you.” The commentary says “My love for you is not a thing of the past. It is everlasting. This is why I appeared to you on Mount Sinai and gave you My Torah, a gift of eternal kindness, which symbolizes our never ending relationship.” Those in Replacement Theology who again erroneously claim Messiah claim to free us from the “bondage of the Torah”, clearly do NOT know HaShem’s Word!!
Jeremiah 31:3 says “I shall yet rebuild you and you shall be rebuilt, O Maiden of Israel; you will yet adorn yourself with drums and go forth in the dance of merrymakers.” The commentary on this verse says “Although I have left you in exile all these years, I have NOT forgotten you and I shall yet rebuild you. O Maiden of Israel refers to the the Ten Tribes which is compared to an untainted woman who is beloved to her husband. You will witness such great miracles that you will celebrate with dance and song to musical accompaniment, like the woman who sang with Miriam the prophetess after the Splitting of the Sea (The Exodus) as referenced in Exodus 15:20.)” See again, HaShem is revealing the end out of the beginning in that He is referencing the Exodus from Egypt…if He saved Israel once before He WILL do it again! Further, He will do so many miracles in the Final Redemption of Israel, that Israel will dance and sing unto HaShem in love, gratitude and loyalty and will forevermore remain loyal and faithful to HaShem, never again to walk away from Him!! Baruch HaShem! May it be SO very soon in our days!
Jeremiah 31:4 says “You will yet plant vineyards in the mountains of Samaria; the planters will plant and redeem.” The commentary says “Grapes grown on mountaintops result in especially good wines due to their constant exposure to the sun. Formerly, the Jews had been afraid to venture out to their vineyards or to plant new ones because of the lurking enemies who had invaded their land. When the Jews abandoned their vineyards, the Cutheans planted vines in the hills of Samaria. Now HaShem promises that Israel will yet plant without fear and reap the fruits of their labor. Samaria was the seat of the Kingdom of Israel and this prophecy foretells their return.”
Jeremiah 31:5 says “For there will be a day when watchmen will call out on Mount Ephraim, ‘Arise, let us ascend to Zion, to HaShem our Elohim.'” The commentary says “The watchmen are the prophets who anticipate the ultimate redemption and will urge the nation to ascend to Zion (Jerusalem) to serve HaShem.” Zion is another name for Jerusalem and the Temple on the Temple Mount! This again proves there WILL be a rebuilt Temple and NO it is NOT for the False Messiah as Christendom likes to teach!
Jeremiah 31:6 says “For thus said HaShem: ‘Sing, O Ya’akov (Jacob), with gladness, exult on the peaks of the nations; announce, laud HaShem, and say, ‘O HaShem, save Your people, the remnant of Israel!'” The commentary on this verse says “This verse describes what will happen when news of the final redemption arrives. In contrast to the low profile that the Jews must maintain in exile, they will sing in the streets and open squares, and exult from the tall buildings and prominent sites of the nations, from which their voices will carry far and wide, proclaiming, ‘O HaShem, you have saved Your people, the remnant of Israel!'” Remember this in connection to Rosh HaShanah!!
Jeremiah 31:7 says “Behold, I will bring them from the land of the North and gather them from the ends of the earth. Among them will be blind and the lame, the pregnant and the birthing woman together; a great congregation will return here.” HaShem will gather ALL of Israel from every corner of the earth and from every nook and cranny of the furthest points on the planet! He will leave NONE behind nor will one be lost because He knows them all by name and knows exactly where each one is!
Jeremiah 31:8 says “With weeping they will come and through supplications I will bring them; I will guide them on streams of water, on a direct path in which they will not stumble; for I have been a father to Israel, and Ephraim is My firstborn.” The commentary says “Through prayer and penitence they will be redeemed. These are tears of joy that the returnees will shed upon entering the Land. ‘I will guide them on streams of water’ refers to the Torah, for the world will be filled with knowledge of HaShem like water covering the seabed (Isaiah 11:9). The verse concludes that the returnees will follow the path of Torah, which is direct and straight; as a result, the nation will no longer stumble into sin as their forefathers had. HaShem will teach them like a father to a son. Water is a metaphor for Torah. Just as a person cannot survive without water, so the nation of Israel cannot survive without Torah.”
Jeremiah 31:9-10 says “Hear the Word of HaShem, ‘O nations, relate it in distant islands and say ‘The One Who scattered Israel, He shall gather him in and guard him as a shepherd guards his flock.’ For HaShem will have redeemed Jacob and delivered him from the hand of one mightier than he.'” Can you again see the connection with being Gathered and Rosh HaShanah?
Jeremiah 31:11 says “And they will come and sing joyously on the height of Zion; they will stream to HaShem’s bounty, upon grain, upon wine, upon oil, and upon young sheep and cattle; then their soul shall be like a well watered garden, and they shall not continue to agonize any more.” This is another verse proving the Temple will be rebuilt and the korbonot (Offerings) will resume because of the mention of grain, wine, oil, sheep, cattle, etc…all used in the Temple Services in order to draw near to HaShem!
Jeremiah 31:12 says “Then the maiden shall rejoice with dance, and young men and old men will rejoice together; I shall transform their mourning into joy and I shall comfort them and gladden them from their grief.” Have you noticed how many verses discuss the dancing and rejoicing going on at this time? Can you imagine the joy and rejoicing? To go from our current exile, oppression, suffering, illnesses, disabilities, etc, to being Gathered by HaShem Home and to know never again will we be exiled from Him! What an amazing King we serve! Who else promises to do this for His people? There is no One like HaShem, the Elohim of Israel! Baruch HaShem!
Jeremiah 31:13 says “I shall satisfy the desire of the Kohanim (Priests who serve and officiate the Temple Services) with the fat of korbonot (Offerings), and My people will be sated with My bounty, the Word of HaShem.” Again, another proof text of the Temple being fully rebuilt, the korbonot to fully resume and it is with HaShem’s desire and blessing! That flushing sound is Replacement Theology anti-Temple doctrine being flushed down the sewer once more…:)
Now HaShem switches the narrative a bit from verses 14-19. The commentary says “After depicting the spiritual ecstasy and physical contentment of the Messianic times, HaShem reveals why He redeemed Israel from their exile: Rachel’s weeping, Israel’s repentance, the Torah that they study and HaShem’s deep love for His nation.”
Jeremiah 31:14 says “Thus said HaShem: ‘A voice is heard on high, wailing, bitter weeping, Rachel weeps for her children; she refuses to be consoled for her children, for they are gone.'” The commentary says “The tribe of Benjamin, children of Rachel, was exiled together with Judah; for them, as for the rest of the Kingdom of Judah, Rachel weeps. Judah and Benjamin would return after seventy years to build the Second Temple, but the tribes of her son Joseph i.e. Ephraim and Manasseh, were exiled with the Kingdom of Israel and have not been heard from since. For them and the rest of the Kingdom of Israel Rachel refuses to be consoled, for they are gone.”
Jeremiah 31:15-16 says “Thus said HaShem: ‘Restrain your voice from weeping and your eyes from tears; for there is reward for your accomplishment, the Word of HaShem, and they will return from the enemy’s land. There is hope for your future, the Word of HaShem, and your children will return to their border.'” The tribes of Joseph i.e. Ephraim and Manasseh will return to the Land at the time of Messiah, therefore there is still hope!
Jeremiah 31:17-18 says “I have indeed heard Ephraim moaning, ‘You have chastised me and I have become chastened, like an untrained calf; bring me back to You and I shall return, for You are HaShem, my Elohim. For after my returning, I regretted; and after my being made aware of my sinfulness, I slapped my thigh in anguish; I was ashamed and also humiliated, for I bore the disgrace of my youth.'” Again can you see the theme of repentance i.e. teshuvah and its connection to Rosh HaShanah?
Jeremiah 31:19 says “Is Ephraim My favorite son or a delightful child, that whenever I speak of him I remember him more and more? Therefore, My inner self yearns for him; I will surely take pity on him, the Word of HaShem.” The commentary says “Israel agonizes and inspires HaShem’s compassion, like a father who feels compelled to assuage his only child’s distress. He wonders, as it were, why He feels such compassion for wayward Ephraim, whose descendant Jeroboam led the entire Kingdom of Israel into idolatry. HaShem concludes that His love for Israel runs so deep that when Israel is contrite, it overwhelms all else and for this reason He will ultimately redeem them.” This also concludes this section which is connected to Rosh HaShanah! Can you see the the theme of repentance, the Gathering, the resurrection and the final redemption? Much going on here in these verses which further helps us understand Rosh HaShanah and this appointed time….May it be so very soon in our days!
HaShem now changes the narrative once again and from verses 20-33 will discuss remembering the road home. The commentary says “Now that the future of the nation has been clearly established, that they will be redeemed, HaShem encourages them to consider the exile to be temporary and to metaphorically place markers on the road to remember the way home. Alternatively, HaShem imparts the recipe of redemption: Follow the paths of your righteous ancestors, pour out your hearts in prayer, carefully analyze your actions. That will hasten the redemption.”
Jeremiah 31:20-21 says “Make road markers for yourself, set up landmarks for yourself; set the thoughts of your heart upon the road, the route that you are walking. Return, O Maiden of Israel, return to these cities of yours! How long will you slip away, O wayward daughter? For HaShem has created something new in the world, that the woman will court the man.” HaShem is asking how long will it take Israel to repent and return to Him! His statement of the woman courting the man is a metaphor of Israel repenting and will seek out HaShem.
Now this prophecy focuses on the ultimate redemption of the Kingdom of Judah!
Jeremiah 31:22-24 says “Thus said HaShem, Master of Legions, Elohim of Israel: People will again say this thing in the land of Judah and in its cities, when I return their captivity: ‘May HaShem bless you, O Abode of Righteousness, O Holy Mountain!’ Judah will dwell in it and in its cities together, plowmen and those who travel with the herd. For I have quenched the thirsty soul and have replenished every distraught soul.'” The Abode of Righteousness is another term for the Temple of HaShem on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem!
Jeremiah 31:25 says “Because of this vision, when I woke up after I saw it, my sleep was pleasant to me!” Jeremiah expresses his own thoughts that what HaShem was revealing to him was pleasing and as such he was not overwhelmed with sorrow but was pleased at what the reality in the End for Israel is i.e. to be gathered back home in the Land with HaShem!
“The next prophecy i.e. verses 26-36, deals with the reunification of the two kingdoms i.e. Judah and Israel, upon their return to the Holy Land.”
Jeremiah 31:26-27 says “Behold, days are coming, the Word of HaShem, when I shall sow the House of Israel and the House of Judah, the seed of man and the seed of animal. And it shall be that just as I was diligent concerning them, to uproot, to smash, to destroy, to annihilate and to bring evil, so will I be diligent concerning them to build and to plant, the Word of HaShem.” Here is another example of how tribulation leads to salvation/redemption in that HaShem is able to take something as terrible as the exile and use it to the good in preparing all of Israel for the future that awaits!
Jeremiah 31:28-29 says “In those days (Idiom to mean in the Day of HaShem) it will no longer be said, ‘The fathers ate sour grapes, but the teeth of the sons are set on edge.’ Rather, every man will die for his own sin, and the man who eats the sour grapes, his own teeth will be set on edge.” ‘Sour grapes’ is a euphemism for sin and ‘the teeth of the sons’ are the descendants who are punished. What is He saying here? The commentary explains it “The previous generations sinned and were punished, whereas the generation of redemption will live sin free and not be affected by their ancestors transgressions.”
Now HaShem is going to discuss a topic which Replacement Theology Christendom has completely twisted up and spun into something HaShem never once said…what am I referring to? The Renewed/New Covenant! Most of Christendom has taught the covenant has been completely replaced with a brand new covenant devoid of the Torah where everything HaShem gave is now rendered obsolete and is in fact a sin to even look back towards to what Christendom refers too as the Old Covenant. This is where the justification for replacing the Feasts of HaShem with Christmas/Easter/Valentines Day/Halloween, replacing Shabbat with Sunday, declaring all unclean animals now clean to eat, declaring the Torah to now be tossed aside comes from! You will see this is absolutely, 1000000% not the case and you will see that narrative Christendom teaches is a flat out lie!
Jeremiah 31:30-31 says “Behold, days are coming, the Word of HaShem, when I will seal a new covenant with the House of Israel and with the House of Judah: Not like the covenant that I sealed with their forefathers on the day I took hold of their hand to take them out of the land of Egypt, for they abrogated My covenant, although I became their Master, the Word of HaShem.” First off, this term ‘Behold, days are coming’ is a reference to the Messianic times, which HAVE NOT COME YET because the House of Judah and the House of Israel are not yet redeemed into the Land! Now, what usually gets Christendom all tripped up is His statement that ‘this covenant is not like the covenant He made with our forefathers’. What did our forefathers do? They abrogated His covenant by rebelling against HaShem! Therefore He is saying this covenant yet to come into being will be unlike the covenant He made with our forefathers because this one no one will rebel against Him….we all will keep His Torah perfectly and will never rebel again!
Jeremiah 31:32 says “For this is the covenant that I shall seal with the House of Israel after those days, the Word of HaShem, I will place My Torah within them and I will write it onto their heart; I will be a Elohim for them and they will be a people for Me.” This verse is usually completely ignored by Christendom and why is that? Because it completely renders their narrative that the so called Old Covenant is now rendered obsolete and replaced! HaShem says He will ‘place His Torah within them and will write it onto their heart’. Does HaShem have more than one Torah? Nope! So, the Torah He is referring too is the only one there is, the one He gave to Moshe on Mount Sinai! Another proof HaShem never changes, reveals the end from the beginning and that His Torah is eternal! Further, He says He seals this covenant with the House of Israel because all of Israel and Judah are regathered into the Land and unified as one nation! Has this happened yet? Nope!
Jeremiah 31:33 says “They will no longer teach, each man his fellow, each man his brother, saying: ‘Know HaShem!’ For all of them will know Me, from their smallest to their greatest, the Word of HaShem, when I will forgive their iniquity and will no longer recall their sin.” Everyone in the world will know HaShem therefore no one will have to try and draw others to learn about HaShem for ALL will know Him! This right here is the biggest proof text this covenant has yet to come into fruition because does everyone in the world today know HaShem? Sadly, we are catastrophically far away from that reality! Christendom has a real problem on its hand because their whole narrative the so called Old Covenant to include the Torah is now rendered obsolete and replaced is clearly proven to be a giant lie! I digress.
Now HaShem gives His promise that Israel, while in exile, are still His people and that will never change!
Jeremiah 31:34-36 says “Thus said HaShem, Who gives the sun as a light by day and the laws of the moon and the stars as a light by night; Who agitates the sea so that its waves roar; HaShem, Master of Legions, is His Name: If these laws could be removed from before Me, the Word of HaShem, so could the seed of Israel cease from being a people before Me forever. Thus said HaShem: If the heavens above could be measured or the foundations of the earth plumbed below, so too would I reject the entire seed of Israel because of everything they did, the Word of HaShem.” Can you see why it is so important for us to pay attention to His creation and nature around us? HaShem is communicating to us His principles and thus they tell us a narrative that He is unchanging and when He makes a declaration, He will NOT rescind that declaration! Perhaps this is why NASA works so hard to try and find the edge of the visible universe….because if the stars, planets, moons, etc, could be measured i.e. determined the distance from end to the other, then Israel could be tossed aside and replaced by Christendom? Many in Christendom per the Replacement Theology doctrine already claim to have replaced Israel as the new people of HaShem…….well these verses clearly show that is impossible because the heavens are immeasurable!
HaShem ends this prophecy in here with the promise to rebuild Jerusalem!
Jeremiah 31:37-39 says “Behold, days are coming, the Word of HaShem, when the City will be built up unto HaShem, from the Tower of Hananel until the Corner Gate. The measuring line will once again be stretched out over Gareb Hill and around To Goah. And all the valley of the corpses and the place of the ashes and all the fields up to the Kidron Valley until the corner of the Horses Gate to the east will be holy unto HaShem; it will not be abandoned nor destroyed again forever.” This is where we must be familiar with the Temple of HaShem and how it functions because the places He mentions are important such as ‘The valley of the corpses’ which is the valley where Sennacherib’s army was stricken per 2 Kings 19:35, this also happens to be the same valley where prophetically He refers to it as ‘The Valley of Jehoshaphat’ which is where the nations of the world will be gathered and judged by Messiah per Joel 4:2-12. Further, ‘The place of the ashes’ which is where the ashes of the korbonot burnt on the Mizbe’ach (Altar) are removed and taken too.
Are you overwhelmed with information yet? I know there is a ton of information here, but I would encourage you to re-read this as many times as possible as well as look up the passages for yourself.
Time is very quickly coming to a close…perhaps much closer than we realize! I do feel a great sense of urgency to get this Op done and published so perhaps that is an indicator? I know of others who also feel a great sense of urgency in getting HaShem’s information out and as soon as possible because only HaShem knows if this upcoming Rosh HaShanah is THE ONE!! I pray it is!! Baruch HaShem!
Remember the Feasts of HaShem are basically appointments He has set and we are to take the time to make the appointment with Him!
I will close this Op out with the following excerpt from Tractate Rosh HaShanah 34b from the Talmud Bavli which says “What is the reason that all the blasts and blessings are indispensable on Rosh HaShanah? The Holy One, Blessed be He, said: Recite before Me on Rosh HaShanah Kingship, Remembrances, and Shofarot. Kingship, so that you will crown Me as King over you; Remembrances, so that your remembrances will rise before Me for good. And with what? With the shofar!”
Basically it comes down to: “Choose you this day whom you will serve!”
Much to consider…….Shabbat Shalom!
- The Scriptures
- The Writings the Psalms by Artscroll
- Rosh HaShanah Its Significance, Laws, And Prayers by Artscroll
- Rosh HaShanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come by Joseph Good of HaTikvah Ministries
- The Milstein Edition The Prophets Jeremiah by Artscroll
- Tractate Rosh HaShanah Talmud Bavli by Steinsaltz